The Bible tells us in 1 Chronicles 28:19, “‘All this,’ said David, ‘the Lord made me understand in writing by His hand upon me, all the details of this pattern.’” Also in 1 Chronicles 28:12 it speaks of, “the pattern of all that he had by the spirit” (KJV). Here the word “pattern” is (tabnît) in Hebrew which means “plan.”
The details of the plan which God Himself had made known are as follows:
1 The porch of the temple, storehouses, upper rooms, inner rooms, and the room for the mercy seat (1 Chr 28:11)
2 The courts of the house of the Lord, all the surrounding rooms, the storehouses of the house of God and the storehouses of the dedicated things (1 Chr 28:12)
3 All the utensils of service in the house of the Lord, the weight of gold and silver used for the gold and silver utensils (1 Chr 28:13-14)
4 The weight of gold and silver used for the golden lampstands and their golden lamps as well as for the silver lampstands and their silver lamps (1 Chr 28:15)
In 2 Chronicles 4:7, reference is only made to the ten golden lampstands, which were placed in the temple, and there is no mention of any silver lampstands. It is presumed that the silver lampstands were used elsewhere within the temple.
5 The weight of gold to be used for the tables of the bread of the Presence and the weight of silver used for the silver tables (1 Chr 28:16)
6 The weight of pure gold used for the forks (fleshhooks–KJV), basins, and cups (small vessels for storing spices–KJV) and the weight of the golden bowls and silver bowls (1 Chr 28:17)
7 The weight of refined gold to be used for the altar of incense, and the weight of gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubim (1 Chr 28:18; KJV)
David explained in detail to Solomon his son all the plans of the interior of the temple down to even the weights of gold and silver to be used (1 Chr 28:11-13). Not only that, David prepared all the necessary materials needed to finish the temple according to the plan God had showed him. His preparation was thorough, making provisions for even the minute details such as the nails for the doors and the gates and the clamps (1 Chr 22:2-19).
If it were not for David’s meticulous preparation, it would have been impossible for Solomon to complete the construction of the temple. The Bible testifies in 1 Kings 6:38, “the house was finished throughout all its parts and according to all its plans.” Thus, 2 Chronicles 8:16 states, “So the house of the Lord was perfected” (KJV).
The size of the temple, its plans, all the vessels in the temple and the rites of worship to be performed within were all done according to the Word of God. And this was also the case when Noah’s ark or Moses’ Tabernacle was built. God told Noah the materials to be used, the size of the ark and even the details of the plan such as the placement of the window (Gen 6:14-16); and Noah did according to all that God had commanded in the plans (Gen 6:22; 7:5). God transmitted to Moses the details of the plans for the tabernacle (Heb 8:5) and told him, “According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it” (Exod 25:9), “after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain” (Exod 25:40), “Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to its plan which you have been shown in the mountain” (Exod 26:30). Moses merely did what the LORD had commanded him (Exod 40:16, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 32).
The history of redemption—from its inception, development and down to its conclusion—is completely a work of God. He does not discuss or consult with human beings for this work. The power that drives redemptive history is entirely the grace and blessing of God which seeks to save the sinner who is bound for death.